The French gas network could be tailored to pipe a mix of natural gas with 20% hydrogen from 2030 onwards, as a part of efforts mitigate carbon emissions, operators stated Friday.
Hydrogen produces water when it burns rather than the greenhouse gas CO2, offering a clear fuel if it is provided from renewable sources comparable to wind or photovoltaic power, rather than from oil and fuel, the source for most hydrogen created now.
GRTgaz, GRDF, Elengy, and different operators stated the French network might initially use a mixture of natural gas with 6% hydrogen. They suggested that the federal government set an aim of 10% by 2030 and 20% beyond that.
The operators informed a conference in Paris that the network may very well be tailored to address the change at a limited cost.
Germany and different European nations have been studying utilizing a mixture of natural gas and hydrogen in their networks to help scale back emissions that are heating Erath.
However, adopting hydrogen as fuel nonetheless witnessed critical challenges. The gas may be produced from water by electrolysis, nevertheless, it calls for large amounts of power supply, so the benefit is weakened if the power is produced from fossil fuels.
Most French electricity is produced from nuclear facilities, which environmentalists oppose since they produce radioactive waste even if they don’t emit greenhouse gases.
The International Energy Agency (IEA) stated in a report in June that producing hydrogen from low-carbon energy was yet expensive, and the development of infrastructure to help its adoption was proceeding slowly.
IEA renewable energies head Paolo Frankl told the conference about 70 million tonnes of hydrogen was produced a year globally, equivalent to the consumption of about half a billion automobiles. However, he stated 90% came from fossil fuels, producing around 800 million tonnes of carbon dioxide.